A Canadian Among 22 New Cardinals Named by the Pope

Monday, January 19 1998

(VIS/CCCB – Rome/Ottawa) — His Holiness Pope John Paul II yesterday named 22 new Cardinals including the Most Reverend Aloysius M. Ambrozic, Archbishop of Toronto. Two of the 22 nominations were in pectore, that is, known only to the Pope.

The nomination of Cardinal-designate Ambrozic brings to five the number of Canadian Cardinals, the others being: Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal; G. Emmett Cardinal Carter, retired Archbishop of Toronto; Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, retired Archbishop of Quebec; and Edouard Cardinal Gagnon p.s.s., President of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses.

Cardinal-designate Ambrozic was born in Gabrje, Slovenia in 1930; was ordained to the priesthood in Toronto in 1955; became Auxiliary Bishop of Toronto in 1976 and named Archbishop of Toronto in 1990. He holds a doctorate in theology from the University of Wurzburg in Germany, and is an active member of the CCCB serving on several committees. He is a member of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, a member of the Congregation for the Clergy, and a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture.

The College of Cardinals

The Apostolic Constitution Romano Pontifici Eligendo, established numerical limits for the College of Cardinals. It stated that cardinals over the age of 80 could not enter into conclave, and that the number of electors could not go beyond 120. In Canada, two of the five cardinals are “electors”. They are Jean Claude-Cardinal Turcotte and Cardinal-designate Aloysius A. Ambrozic. As of January 17, 1998, the total number of cardinals in the College of Cardinals was 146: two were created by Pope John XXIII, 30 by Paul VI and 114 by John Paul II. Of these 146 members, 105 are cardinal electors.

On February 21, the date of the elevation of the 22 new cardinals, 63 countries of all continents will be represented in the College of Cardinals: Europe will have 88 cardinals, of whom 58 will be electors; America: North America 17 (13 electors); Latin America 28 (24); Africa 14 (12); Asia 15 (14) and Oceania 4 (4). The dean of the College is Benin’s Cardinal Bernardin Gantin, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops. The oldest member is Cardinal Ignatius Gong Pin-mei, born on August 2, 1901. The youngest is Cardinal Vinko Puljic, archbishop of Vrhbosna, Sarajevo, born September 8, 1945. The cardinals-designate are: